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Online Anxiety Counselling
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There are some situations in life when even a strong hearted person becomes anxious and fearful. It is natural to happen for a while in difficult situations, but when a person gets used to living in constant worry or fear, then later this mood can turn into a serious problem like anxiety disorder. When the person has no control over such negative emotions and despite all the efforts, its symptoms are visible for more than six months, then this problem can take the form of anxiety disorder.
Anxiety is experienced as a fearful feeling or worry about future events. Anxiety is our body’s natural way of reacting to different kinds of stressors in our lives.
The problem with our brain is that it cannot distinguish between physical threat and perceived threat. Whenever there is any kind of stress our brain activates a fight or flight response. Our body starts preparing us for the physical danger because of which the blood starts flowing into our muscles disrupting other bodily functions so that we can either fight or flight in the current situation. This is the reason that during anxiety our heartbeat increases, we experience breathlessness, nervousness, sweating, insomnia, etc.
In many people, this problem starts affecting their daily work and their life. In such a condition it can be called Anxiety Disorders.
"When you change the way you look at things, the things you look at change"
Symptoms of Anxiety
- Excessive Worrying or having difficulty controlling worry
- Feeling nervous, restlessness, or being tense
- Sweating, Feeling weak or tired
- Rapid breathing and rapid heart rate
- Experiencing gastrointestinal problems such as gas and constipation
- Having trouble sleeping or concentrating
- Irrational Fears & Irritability
- Avoiding Social Situations
Types of anxiety disorders
- Generalized Anxiety Disorder
- Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
- Panic Disorder
- Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
- Social Phobia (Social Anxiety Disorder)
Factors That Can Trigger Anxiety
Factors That Can Trigger Anxiety
Causes of anxiety
Both genetic and environmental factors are responsible for developing anxiety. Some of the common causes of anxiety are listed below: –
Biological factors – Health issues like hypertension, obesity, etc because of poor eating habits, excessive use of alcohol, and excessive smoking results in anxiety. It is also inherited.
Situational Factors – Anxiety can be triggered by any situation which we perceive as stressful or the situations which are stressful like natural disasters, crowding, manmade disasters, automobile accident, financial loses, failure, divorce, death of beloved ones, burn out, overload of responsibilities, etc.
Psychological Factors – Psychological factors are internal i.e. arising from within the person like aggressive nature, impatient attitude, over thinking and negative thinking, poor coping ability in a difficult situation, etc result in the development of this problem. The feeling of hopelessness and helplessness also result in the development of anxiety.
Personality Factors – Some personality patterns are positively associated with the development of anxiety. For example Type A personality. The characteristics of Type A personality are hostile thoughts, always in a hurry, highly ambitious, competitive and motivated, aggressive nature, workaholics, etc. Hardiness in personality is also responsible for anxiety.
How counselling helps to treat anxiety?
Therapeutic Approaches for anxiety counseling
Counselling enables individuals to learn the coping skills to deal with stressful life events effectively. During therapy sessions, individuals acquire the skills to keep themselves calm and relax during stressful situations.
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a type of talk therapy in which psychologists help the patient to identify their negative thoughts and behaviors. Through CBT therapy, an attempt is made to change these thoughts and present things in a positive way. During therapy, the patient is helped to identify errors in their thinking that are causing problems in their lives. After this, an attempt is made to reevaluate your thoughts and feelings on the basis of new and positive thinking.
A main part of CBT is also to develop the ability to deal with difficult situations and solve problems.
Relaxation Techniques and meditation – Through deep breathing, yoga, and mindfulness exercise, etc the therapist make the individual learn to breathe in ways that will help him to reach a relaxed state. It helps to settle down the racing thoughts.
Progressive Muscle Relaxation – In this the therapist makes the person experience muscle tightness and relaxation at the same time. This will make them experience the difference between a stressed state and a relaxed state. And this will later make the person feel physically relaxed and later mentally relaxed.
Stress is a friend as well as a foe. It motivates us to take action for our future however excessive and unnecessary stress can reduce our efficiency and is harmful. Through therapy, the individuals learn to use stress in their favour and not against them.
Techniques used in Anxiety Counselling
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